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PLANNING INSTALLATION
EXCAVATION
BASE PREPARATION
EDGE RESTRAINTS
BEDDING SAND
PAVER INSTALLATION
MARKING/CUTTING PAVERS
JOINT SAND
CLEANING PAVING
SEALING PAVERS
PICKING A CONTRACTOR
PAVER LIGHTING
TYPES OF PAVERS
COST BENEFITS



     

EXCAVATION

After you have carefully planned your paver installation project, begin the excavation using the guide lines you spray painted earlier. You will need to excavate an additional 3"- 3 1/8" deeper than the recommended base depth. This is because there is ¾" of bedding sand after compaction and a thickness of 2 3/8" for standard pavers. Thicker pavers will need more excavating, thinner pavers will need less excavating.

Recommended guideline for base depth:
  • Walkways 4"-8"
  • Driveways 6"-10"
  • Commercial/Heavy 18"-36"

Most of the excavation can be done with a skid steer loader, such as a bobcat. Keep in mind that utilities sometimes arenít found by the local utility company, so dig carefully. Always hand dig within 24" of a marked utility line. For small projects, or when a skid steer can't be used, the job will need to be dug out by hand. Use a flat shovel to be able to "skim" the soil. The final excavation should be smooth and flat which is difficult to achieve with a round shovel. Keep an eye out for things like sprinkler lines and other unusual things in the ground.

When dealing with slopes, it is important to consider proper drainage. Make sure the pavement slopes away from structures with a minimum 2% grade(¼" per foot).

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